blackjack card values

Generally, the ace is deemed as an 11-value card, but if the player exceeds 21 when he draws more cards, its value becomes one. Bear in mind that the playing strategy you adopt must take into account which value your ace is at that point in time. Most casino games treat every bet equally, with an equal chance of winning or losing. Another option open to the player is doubling their bet when the original two cards dealt total 9, 10, or 11.

  • This basic strategy showcases all the favourable actions for each scenario which can come into play.
  • Let’s review a few tips from our guide regarding hit or stand strategy when holding soft or hard hands.
  • Probabilities also have to be calculated for splitting and doubling.
  • In the example of an ace and a nine, the player score would be 20, which shouldn’t be hit on.
  • Join us as we take a closer look at the different Blackjack card values which you will come across when playing this iconic table card game.

So, as you have 9 and can’t bust, you can elect to double down, thereby doubling your initial bet, before taking your next card. Now you have twice as much money on the table in a scenario where you expect to finish with a strong hand, while the chances of the dealer busting are high. Numbered cards (2-10) in blackjack are worth their face value.

Blackjack Cards Value

Payouts for this side-bet are determined by the poker hand that the dealer’s upright card and your hole cards form. Aces play a double role here since they can connect with 2 & 3 or kings & queens cards for a straight hand. A card’s value is determined by adding all the cards in your hand and comparing them to the dealer’s visible-up card. If the total of your blackjack hand exceeds 21 by more than one point, you will bust and lose your bet.

  • An ace counts only eleven, but two aces count as a blackjack.
  • The face cards (Jack, Queen, and King) are all worth 10 points each.
  • It is important to note that the total value of a hand can change throughout gameplay as additional cards are dealt.
  • The ace in blackjack is unlike any other card because it has two possible values.

A player should use a basic blackjack strategy chart to determine their next move for the best long term outcome. Each new card adds to the total score, so players have to weigh getting closer to 21 against going over 21 and busting. If they don’t wish for another card, the player can stand, and not take any additional cards. The objective for the player in blackjack is to beat the dealer.


This setup gives players a glimpse of the potential total of the dealer’s hand. Hitting in this scenario increases the chances of busting, making it a challenging hand for players. Thus, one key advantage to the dealer is that the player goes first.

  • All products are operated by Forwell Ltd (UK) based on the gaming licence held by Forwell Investments B.V.
  • In many U.S. casinos, players are limited to playing one to three positions at a table.
  • does not promote betting or wagering to users under the relevant legal age in their jurisdiction.
  • Before you decide to start placing any bets on Blackjack, you must first understand the card values.

Unlike the player, he cannot surrender, split his hand or double down; he can either hit or stand. The most common rule which the dealer must follow is to stand on a hard 17. Until his hand value is lower than 17, he must keep on drawing more cards, even if he’s already outscored the player. Some tables might prove to be more favourable for players because they require dealers to stand on a soft 17, rather than on a hard 17. In Blackjack, the player can either acquire a hard hand or a soft hand. A hard hand has no ace or an ace worth 1, while a soft hand has an ace which counts as 11.

Dealer hand

The Ace is handled a little differently, used as a 1 or 11. In blackjack, the numbered cards (2 to 10) hold their face value, while the face cards (Jack, Queen, and King) are all worth 10 points. The Ace can be counted as either 1 or 11, depending on the player’s preference and the hand’s overall value. The ace, plays by its own rules, making it a super valuable card to have since it offers more flexibility, especially when earning two aces which can be split into two hands. The value of this upcard guides your decisions for the hand.

  • Card counting is a strategy used by some players to gain an advantage over the casino.
  • If the dealer does not bust, each remaining bet wins if its hand is higher than the dealer’s and loses if it is lower.
  • Each player is dealt two cards initially, and they can choose to “hit” (receive another card) or “stand” (keep their current hand) in order to improve their hand value.
  • Each participant attempts to beat the dealer by getting a count as close to 21 as possible, without going over 21.

The popular British member of the vingt-un family is called “pontoon”, the name being probably a corruption of vingt-et-un. The side wager is typically placed in a designated area next to the box for the main wager. A player wishing to wager on a side bet usually must place a wager on blackjack.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Understanding Card Values in Blackjack

A soft hand is when the total value of your cards is less than 21, and you have at least one ace in your hand. You can double down your hand when you have an ace as your first card. The number of decks can differ depending on the variation of blackjack you are playing.

  • The value of cards two through ten is their pip value (two through ten).
  • Imagine if the dealer has an ace showing, but you already determine that there are no more tens in the deck.
  • The most basic strategy involves assigning a value of +1 to low cards (2-6), a value of 0 to neutral cards (7-9), and a value of -1 to high cards (10-Ace).
  • A good way to determine whether your next hand will be successful is to keep an eye on the high-value and low-value cards that have already been dealt with.

Most of the house’s edge comes from the fact that the player loses when both the player and dealer bust. Blackjack players using basic strategy lose on average less than 1% of their action over the long run, giving blackjack one of the lowest edges in the casino. The house edge for games where blackjack pays 6 to 5 instead of 3 to 2 increases by about 1.4%, though. Player deviations from basic strategy also increase the house edge. After the boxes have finished playing, the dealer’s hand is resolved by drawing cards until the hand achieves a total of 17 or higher.

Object of the Game

For example, a 2 of hearts is worth two points, a 7 of diamonds is worth seven points and so on. These cards contribute directly to the total value of your hand. The face value of cards 2 to 10 remains the same, no surprises there. As for the face cards – the jacks, queens, and kings – they are all valued at 10. In the initial phase of a blackjack round, players receive two cards each.

It’s up to the player to determine which value will make his hand stronger than the dealer’s, depending on his current hand situation. It’s generally regarded as an 11-value card, but if the player’s hand value exceeds 21, the ace is assigned a value of one. Thus, it’s the one card which gives the player a level of flexibility with his choices. It’s widely believed to have been introduced in Spain around the 15th or the 16th-century. Thanks to the pursuits of the colonising Europeans in the 1800s.

Is the dealer Ace 1 or 11 in Blackjack?

The dealer must continue to take cards until the total is 17 or more, at which point the dealer must stand. If the dealer has an ace, and counting it as 11 would bring the total to 17 or more (but not over 21), the dealer must count the ace as 11 and stand. The dealer’s decisions, then, are automatic on all plays, whereas the player always has the option of taking one or more cards. Typically, in casinos, players place their bets first before the dealer proceeds to deal two cards to each player (both face up), including him- or herself. However, the dealer gets one face-down card (in some casinos dealers draw the second card after punters play their hands).

In the casino version, the house is the dealer (a “permanent bank”). In casino play, the dealer remains standing, and the players are seated. The dealer is in charge of running all aspects of the game, from shuffling and dealing the cards to handling all bets.

The Significance of Aces in Blackjack

Consequently, playing the odds over the long term is likely to result in some losses for players. The ace serves as a bit of a wild card because it can be either a 1 or an 11, providing players with some wiggle room. Plus, you can make strategic decisions based on the unfolding game, significantly improving your chances of coming out on top.

blackjack card values

The dealer will also have a different set of rules imposed by the casino with regards to the actions he can take with a hard and soft hand. If the dealer is only required to stand on a hard 17, he can draw additional cards on a soft 17, shifting the odds in his favour. On the other hand, if the dealer must also stand on a soft 17, the player is in a more favourable position. If a player’s first two cards are of the same denomination, such as two jacks or two sixes, they may choose to treat them as two separate hands when their turn comes around. The amount of the original bet then goes on one of the cards, and an equal amount must be placed as a bet on the other card.

What is the value of a queen in blackjack?

Hopefully, our little yet informative guide has clarified the game’s basics for new players who wish to try their luck in one of the most popular casino card games in history. If you need practice, we suggest you play some online blackjack games with free virtual bets or even read in-depth strategy charts before placing a real bet in a casino. The house edge for side bets is generally higher than for the blackjack game itself. Nonetheless, side bets can be susceptible to card counting.

blackjack card values

In addition, the dealer uses a blank plastic card, which is never dealt, but is placed toward the bottom of the pack to indicate when it will be time for the cards to be reshuffled. When four or more decks are used, they are dealt from a shoe (a box that allows the dealer to remove cards one at a time, face down, without actually holding one or more packs). A card counting system assigns a point score to each card rank (e.g., 1 point for 2–6, 0 points for 7–9, and −1 point for 10–A).

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In chapter four of our online blackjack guide, we’ll go over the different starting hands in blackjack and what they mean for you. We will review the best starting hand in blackjack and go through to the worst starting hand; here’s what you need to know. A soft hand is one that contains an ace, so a “soft 17” is an ace plus a 6. IF a dealer can hit until hard 17 and they are dealt a soft 17, they must take another card. This is generally bad for players, since another card will force the ace to drop from a value of 11 to a value of 1, which can greatly improve the dealer’s hand.

Basic Strategy will be covered in depth in the next chapter. The value of cards two through ten is their pip value (two through ten). A soft hand contains an Ace that is being counted

as eleven. (Remember, an Ace can count as one or eleven.) For example,

if a hand has an Ace and a Six, this is a soft 17. If a ten is drawn, the Ace would be counted

as one instead of eleven, and the hand would still have a value of 17.

In this article, we will discuss the card values in blackjack and how they affect the game. On the other hand, splitting tens is never recommended since you are getting hard hands. Your blackjack odds of forming a winning hand with complex tens are slim, let alone a natural blackjack. In many cases, you need to avoid hitting most hard hands since the chances of going bust is high. You are better off with a 20 from the two tens rather than splitting them. The advantage of splitting aces is the guaranteed dual soft hands, which allows you to increase your score without going bust.

A split then separates these cards into two hands, while requiring an additional bet from the player. While more expensive, a split offers better odds than a pair of eights. Calculating the total value of a hand in blackjack is relatively straightforward.

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They usualy involve a hand of 17, requiring that dealers hit to 17, and stand on any hand of 17 or more. You may draw as many cards

as you wish as long as you do not pass 21. Aces are unique in blackjack because they can be worth either 1 or 11 points, depending on which value benefits the player’s hand the most.